Description Origins of the phraseThe authorship of the phrase is often, though wrongly, ascribed to the American sculptor Horatio Greenough, whose thinking to a large extent predates the later functionalist approach to architecture. It was, however, the American architect Louis Sullivan who coined the phrase, in 1896, in his article «The tall office building artistically considered». Here Sullivan actually said 'form ever follows function', but the simpler (and less emphatic) phrase is the one usually remembered. For Sullivan this was distilled wisdom, an aesthetic credo, the single 'rule that shall permit of no exception'. The full quote is thus:It is the pervading law of all things organic and inorganic,Of all things physical and metaphysical,Of all things human and all things super-human,Of all true manifestations of the head,Of the heart, of the soul,That the life is recognizable in its expression,That form ever follows function. This is the law.Sullivan developed the shape of the tall steel skyscraper in late 19th Century Chicago at the very moment when technology, taste and economic forces converged violently and made it necessary to drop the established styles of the past. If the shape of the building wasn't going to be chosen out of the old pattern book something had to determine form, and according to Sullivan it was going to be the purpose of the building. It was 'form follows function', as opposed to 'form follows precedent'. Sullivan's assistant Frank Lloyd Wright adopted and professed the same principle in slightly different form—perhaps because shaking off the old styles gave them more freedom and latitude.Digital ArtPhotoshop CS5Special thanx to deviantart.com Stock:Unedited_Stock_by_Miss_MischiefXPublic Domain Image:Wikimedia.org (Commons):397px-Monument_in_Fertile_Country
Tammera Malicki-Wong, Sacramento California Member Since January 2011 Artist Statement I WAS BORN IN RENO NEVADA. I HAD MY FIRST DESIRE TO BE AN ARTIST AT THE AGE OF 4. MY UNCLE WAS COLORING WITH ME IN MY COLORING BOOK AND I REMEMBER THINKING IT WAS SOME KIND OF MAGIC HOW HE COULD BLEND COLORS SO GENTLY OR HARSHLY TO GET DIFFERENT LOOKS TO HIS PICTURES, AND I DEEPLY DESIRED TO BE ABLE TO DO THE SAME.
I BEGAN DOING ‘REAL ’ ARTWORK AT THE AGE OF 13, ENCOURAGED BY THE ART TEACHER AT MY JUNIOR HIGH, TO COME AFTER SCHOOL AND PAINT IF I WISHED SINCE WE 7TH GRADERS WEREN’T ALLOWED ELECTIVES UNTIL 8TH GRADE. SHE SAW ME HOVERING ROUND THE CLASSROOM ALL THE TIME AND WAS GENEROUS ENOUGH TO STAY LATE SO I COULD PAINT.
THE VERY FIRST MEDIA I LEARNED WAS OILS. I CONTINUED ART COURSES ALL THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL, ALONG WITH DRAFTING. I ENTERED THE ACADEMY OF ART IN SAN FRANCISCO AFTER HIGH SCHOOL TO CONTINUE STUDYING ART.
LATER WAS MARRIED AND HAD MY 3 CHILDREN AND CHOSE TO BE A STAY AT HOME MOM, AND TO BRING IN EXTRA MONEY RAN AN IN-HOME DAYCARE, WHICH LEFT, BASICALLY, NO TIME FOR ART. ALTHOUGH I DID MANAGE TO DO SOME ORIGINAL T-SHIRTS AND SELL THEM LOCALLY AND I DID A 3 WALL MURAL IN MY CHILDREN’S ROOM AND ANOTHER 12 FOOT BY 12 FOOT MURAL IN MY LIVING ROOM.
WHEN THE CHILDREN WERE GROWN ENOUGH, I RE-ATTENDED SCHOOL.AT MTI IN SACRAMENTO I TOOK COMPUTER AND ART CLASSES. THEN I RE-ENTERED THE WORK ARENA,
I WORKED AT SMW COMMUNICATIONS AS A PRODUCTION ASSISTANT. WHILE THERE I DID BOTH COMPUTER LAYOUT AND TRADITIONAL LAYOUT, AS COMPUTER GRAPHICS WERE STILL IN THEIR INFANCY
BOTH NEW AND OLD METHODS WERE EMPLOYED, I CUT RUBYLITHS AND OTHER TRADITIONAL PASTE-UPS, AS WELL AS DID LAYOUT IN PAGEMAKER. I WAS IN CHARGE OF ALL THE PRODUCTION ASPECTS OF 2 MAGAZINES, ‘DANCE TEACHER NOW’ AND ‘STAGE’. AN INTERNATIONAL BALLET MAGAZINE AND A LOCAL AND NATIONAL THEATRE MAGAZINE.
SMW SOON MOVED TO NORTH CAROLINA AND I FOUND A NEW HOME AT CALIFORNIA MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATIION AS THE COMMUNICATIONS ASSISTANT/ART DIRECTOR.
WHILE I WAS THERE, I WORE ANY HAT THAT FIT. I WAS IN CHARGE OF ALL ASPECTS REGARDING DESIGN, PRODUCTION, LAYOUT AND OVERSEEING PRINT OF A BI-MONTHLY NEWSLETTER AND A MONTHLY MAGAZINE AS WELL AS ANY OTHER MATERIALS THAT NEEDED PRINTING…. BUSINESS CARDS, INVITATIONS, SEMINARS, EVENTS, ADVERTISEMENTS ET. AL.
WHILE AT CALIFORNIA MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION I WAS DIAGNOSED WITH 2 IMMUNE DYSFUNCTIONS, AND WAS FORCED TO STOP WORK. FOR A PERIOD OF NEALY 2 YEARS I WAS BED-BOUND. I CONTINUE TO HAVE THE ILLNESS, AND SO THIS IS A PERFECT WAY FOR ME TO BE ABLE TO SELL MY WORK AND MAKE A BIT OF MONEY AND YET NOT STRESS MYSELF TOO MUCH. AND SO HERE I AM.
I AM CURRENTLY DOING MAINLY DIGITAL ART USING PHOTOSHOP. I AM 100% SELF TAUGHT USING PHOTOSHOP. IT IS A WHOLE NEW DIMENSION OF ART THAT I AM EXCITED ABOUT RIGHT NOW.
I HOPE YOU WILL ENJOY LOOKING AT MY ARTWORK AND PASS ALONG THE INFO TO OTHERS, SO THEY TOO CAN TAKE A PEEK!! THANK YOU. TAMMERA