Description By the beginning of the eighteenth century the greatest threat posed to Valletta was seen to come from the Isolotto, a small leaf-shaped island on which was located the quarantine hospital and in 1723/24 work was commenced on a fort to fortify the location and deny the place t the enemy in the event of an invasion. Originally designed by the French engineer René Jacob de Tigné in 1715, the final design of Fort Manoel, as it was named, was produced by Charles François de Mondion, during his term as the Order’s resident military engineer in charge of works of fortification and defence. Financed by the then grand master, Antonio Manoel de Vilhena, in whose honour it was named, Fort Manoel was designed as a classic square fort with four corner bastions, a ravelin, a tenaille, a covertway, and a glacis. Its low silhouette, system of bastioned trace making the widest use of crossfire to sweep the approaches, together with its aggressive outerworks and countermines, was then heavily influenced by the cncepts of French military architecture. In 1761, a delegation of visiting French military engineers, called to review the island’s fortifications described it as a ‘model du fortification fait avec soin.’
Military Architecture, Malta Member Since December 2010 Artist Statement MilitaryArchitecture.com has been set up to focus on and promote the study of military architecture and fortification around the world. It seeks to bring together and build an extensive international corpus of information, data, and ideas – research papers, lectures, videos, forums, conferences, publications, etc., – that are freely available on the web and make these educational resources available to researchers and students through direct internet access via this website. The overriding aim is an educational one, aimed at the promotion of scholarship in the study and teaching of military architecture and the history of fortification.
Military Architecture.com is committed to diffusing a proper understanding of the art and science of fortress building to as wide an international audience as possible. MilitaryArchitecture.com seeks, primarily, to focus the attention of scholars, researchers, and the public alike on the fortress as a structure, and on fortifications as a works of architecture and engineering, emphasizing the art and science, and history, of fortress design, fortress construction and building techniques, and materials, as well as provide information on modern efforts at conservation and restoration of historic fortified buildings and sites around the world.