Description Trafficking of children is a modern form of slave trade. It is defined as the 'recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, and/or receipt of a child for the purpose of exploitation. Statistics regarding the magnitude of child trafficking are difficult to obtain. However the International Labour Organization estimates that 1.2 million children are trafficked annually. The trafficking of children is an internationally recognized major human rights violation; and one that exists in every region of the world. Despite the fact that this crime exists on a large scale worldwide, it is only within the past decade that the prevalence and ramifications of this practice have risen to international prominence, due to a dramatic increase in public reaction. Protection, prevention, law enforcement, and victim assistance needs to be implemented with greater diligence internationally. Laws that fine and penalize corporations that foster trafficking of children need to be implemented before this growing problem can be abetted.