Description The castle of Monolithos was one of the many refuge places built ro shelter the inhabitants of Rhodes from the corsair raids that plagued the Mediterranean in the middle ages. It stands isolated on the summit of a steep rocky outcrop about 200m in height, a short distance inland away from the sea. From its strategic position, the castle commanded an unobstructed view of the southern seaward approaches to the island. Like an eagles nest crowning the crest of a hill, Monolithos was virtually unassailable as the castle could only be reached by a narrow winding footpath. The inaccessibility of the precipitous site contributed much to the defence of this stronghold and made up for its fragile walls which follow a very irregular trace along the contours of the rocky outcrop. Only on the southern and south-eastern part of the enceinte was any effort made to provide stout walls equipped with a chemin-de-ronde and well-defined defences. Little is known about the history of this stronghold which according to Giacomo Bosio was rebuilt in 1476. The drawing shows the castle as it can be seen today.
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