Description 'A child repairs a tyre in The Gambia'...Defining child labourNot all work done by children should be classified as child labour that is to be targeted for elimination. Childrens or adolescents participation in work that does not affect their health and personal development or interfere with their schooling, is generally regarded as being something positive. This includes activities such as helping their parents around the home, assisting in a family business or earning pocket money outside school hours and during school holidays. These kinds of activities contribute to childrens development and to the welfare of their families; they provide them with skills and experience, and help to prepare them to be productive members of society during their adult life.The term child labour is often defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development. It refers to work that:is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children; and interferes with their schooling by: depriving them of the opportunity to attend school; obliging them to leave school prematurely; or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with excessively long and heavy work.In its most extreme forms, child labour involves children being enslaved, separated from their families, exposed to serious hazards and illnesses and/or left to fend for themselves on the streets of large cities often at a very early age. Whether or not particular forms of work can be called child labour depends on the childs age, the type and hours of work performed, the conditions under which it is performed and the objectives pursued by individual countries. The answer varies from country to country, as well as among sectors within countries. FOR MORE IMPORTANT INFORMATION:https://www.ilo.org/ipec/programme/lang--en/index.htmDigital ArtPhotoshop CS5
Tammera Malicki-Wong, Sacramento California Member Since January 2011 Artist Statement I WAS BORN IN RENO NEVADA. I HAD MY FIRST DESIRE TO BE AN ARTIST AT THE AGE OF 4. MY UNCLE WAS COLORING WITH ME IN MY COLORING BOOK AND I REMEMBER THINKING IT WAS SOME KIND OF MAGIC HOW HE COULD BLEND COLORS SO GENTLY OR HARSHLY TO GET DIFFERENT LOOKS TO HIS PICTURES, AND I DEEPLY DESIRED TO BE ABLE TO DO THE SAME.
I BEGAN DOING ‘REAL ’ ARTWORK AT THE AGE OF 13, ENCOURAGED BY THE ART TEACHER AT MY JUNIOR HIGH, TO COME AFTER SCHOOL AND PAINT IF I WISHED SINCE WE 7TH GRADERS WEREN’T ALLOWED ELECTIVES UNTIL 8TH GRADE. SHE SAW ME HOVERING ROUND THE CLASSROOM ALL THE TIME AND WAS GENEROUS ENOUGH TO STAY LATE SO I COULD PAINT.
THE VERY FIRST MEDIA I LEARNED WAS OILS. I CONTINUED ART COURSES ALL THROUGH HIGH SCHOOL, ALONG WITH DRAFTING. I ENTERED THE ACADEMY OF ART IN SAN FRANCISCO AFTER HIGH SCHOOL TO CONTINUE STUDYING ART.
LATER WAS MARRIED AND HAD MY 3 CHILDREN AND CHOSE TO BE A STAY AT HOME MOM, AND TO BRING IN EXTRA MONEY RAN AN IN-HOME DAYCARE, WHICH LEFT, BASICALLY, NO TIME FOR ART. ALTHOUGH I DID MANAGE TO DO SOME ORIGINAL T-SHIRTS AND SELL THEM LOCALLY AND I DID A 3 WALL MURAL IN MY CHILDREN’S ROOM AND ANOTHER 12 FOOT BY 12 FOOT MURAL IN MY LIVING ROOM.
WHEN THE CHILDREN WERE GROWN ENOUGH, I RE-ATTENDED SCHOOL.AT MTI IN SACRAMENTO I TOOK COMPUTER AND ART CLASSES. THEN I RE-ENTERED THE WORK ARENA,
I WORKED AT SMW COMMUNICATIONS AS A PRODUCTION ASSISTANT. WHILE THERE I DID BOTH COMPUTER LAYOUT AND TRADITIONAL LAYOUT, AS COMPUTER GRAPHICS WERE STILL IN THEIR INFANCY
BOTH NEW AND OLD METHODS WERE EMPLOYED, I CUT RUBYLITHS AND OTHER TRADITIONAL PASTE-UPS, AS WELL AS DID LAYOUT IN PAGEMAKER. I WAS IN CHARGE OF ALL THE PRODUCTION ASPECTS OF 2 MAGAZINES, ‘DANCE TEACHER NOW’ AND ‘STAGE’. AN INTERNATIONAL BALLET MAGAZINE AND A LOCAL AND NATIONAL THEATRE MAGAZINE.
SMW SOON MOVED TO NORTH CAROLINA AND I FOUND A NEW HOME AT CALIFORNIA MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATIION AS THE COMMUNICATIONS ASSISTANT/ART DIRECTOR.
WHILE I WAS THERE, I WORE ANY HAT THAT FIT. I WAS IN CHARGE OF ALL ASPECTS REGARDING DESIGN, PRODUCTION, LAYOUT AND OVERSEEING PRINT OF A BI-MONTHLY NEWSLETTER AND A MONTHLY MAGAZINE AS WELL AS ANY OTHER MATERIALS THAT NEEDED PRINTING…. BUSINESS CARDS, INVITATIONS, SEMINARS, EVENTS, ADVERTISEMENTS ET. AL.
WHILE AT CALIFORNIA MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION I WAS DIAGNOSED WITH 2 IMMUNE DYSFUNCTIONS, AND WAS FORCED TO STOP WORK. FOR A PERIOD OF NEALY 2 YEARS I WAS BED-BOUND. I CONTINUE TO HAVE THE ILLNESS, AND SO THIS IS A PERFECT WAY FOR ME TO BE ABLE TO SELL MY WORK AND MAKE A BIT OF MONEY AND YET NOT STRESS MYSELF TOO MUCH. AND SO HERE I AM.
I AM CURRENTLY DOING MAINLY DIGITAL ART USING PHOTOSHOP. I AM 100% SELF TAUGHT USING PHOTOSHOP. IT IS A WHOLE NEW DIMENSION OF ART THAT I AM EXCITED ABOUT RIGHT NOW.
I HOPE YOU WILL ENJOY LOOKING AT MY ARTWORK AND PASS ALONG THE INFO TO OTHERS, SO THEY TOO CAN TAKE A PEEK!! THANK YOU. TAMMERA